Personalized Alternative Education

PAE are a system of educational alternatives that have grown from the grassroots in each school. They are distinguished from mainstream programming in that they frequently use unconventional classroom settings and altered timetables in order to service the individual needs of students.

Most PAE programmes take a holistic approach to student progress in that we create student programmes with the entire student in mind (social, emotional, mental, academic).

There is a focus on developing the skill set required for 21st century learning.

  • Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
  • Collaboration across Networks and Leading by Influence
  • Agility and Adaptability
  • Initiative and Entrepreneurialism
  • Effective Oral and Written Communication
  • Accessing and Analyzing Information
  • Curiosity and Imagination


Programmes include:


Quadmester Programmes

These are nine-week, two-period courses that run four times per year. Courses vary by school and region. Some schools offer multi-level, multi-grade courses which run on a reduced class size (1:16 teacher student ratio).

PAE Semestered Programmes

These programmes are unique and vary from location to location. They operate on a reduced class size (1:16 teacher-student ratio) and combine teacher-directed courses with independent learning and credit recovery. They generally follow the regular school semester.

Experiential, Community-Based Programmes

These programmes generally utilize community partnerships to provide real-world projects. They usually include both classroom learning and experiential, fieldwork. Programme duration varies: some are full-year others are semestered. All fieldwork is directly supervised by the teacher.

Work-Based Programmes (CBE)

These semester-long programmes combine work experience with classroom learning. Programmes consist of an in-class component where students earn a core credit such as English or Math. The other days they earn ALEP (Community Based Education) credits for performing well in a job placement.

SAL Programmes

Students must be referred to SAL by the school administration. The intake must be finalized by the central board SAL committee. Once admitted to SAL, students will have time tables created on an individual basis which may include CBE, ILP, Credit Recovery or in teacher-directed instruction.

Dual Credit Programmes

These courses are conducted with the co-operation and partnership of one of Ontario's colleges. Students will earn both college and high school credit for these courses. Dual credits courses are generally for mature students who are in their final year of high school.